A comparative study of the OSH conditions of posted workers in nine EU countries. The authors looked into the way OSH regulation is applied to posted workers and their experiences with OSH-related issues, and at the legal and institutional framework on posting and OSH, cross-border communication and exchange, the mechanisms for grievances at different levels, the vulnerabilities of posted workers and language barriers. Read more here
This research report prepared by Katarina Hollan and Sonila Danaj in the frame of the POOSH project provides first insights on the occupational safety and health (OSH) vulnerabilities of posted workers in Austria. The authors explain the multiple vulnerabilities posted workers face in the country, spanning from employment and contractual conditions, wages and working conditions, social and health insurance, to accommodation, language barriers and social isolation. The national OSH structures, mechanisms and procedures as well as cross-border institutional exchange on the OSH of posted workers are also discussed. The report finds that although Austrian authorities have undertaken substantial efforts to reduce the vulnerabilities of posted workers, some issues remain. They persist both in terms of OSH and other aspects of posting, such as working time or remuneration. Read more here
Posting is an important form of transnational temporary labour mobility for Austria. With a total of 108,627 of PDs A1 issued in 2015 for posted workers coming to Austria, the country ranked 4th in the EU after Germany, France and Belgium. The temporary migration and employment status affect the situation of EU and TCN workers posted to Austria in multiple way.
- Firstly, employers pay less attention in terms of OSH training towards them;
- secondly, their temporary status marks them as workers who are easier to exploit and pressure to accept unsatisfactory working/OSH conditions;
- thirdly, it also influences posted workers’ behavior in so far as due to their short-termed stay, they tend not to inform themselves sufficiently about their rights and the regulations in Austria.
- The last point is caused by a lack of integration and a feeling of not belonging of posted workers themselves into the Austrian system, which again are caused by the temporariness of their stay.
National competent authorities and agencies in Austria have made great attempts early on after the transposition of the Posting of Workers Directive (96/71/EC) to protect posted workers from increased OSH-related risks. Yet, data from our research suggest that vulnerabilities still persist. Read more
The Hungarian social policy of the early 2010s focused on unemployment. The Orbán’s workfare reform aimed at expanding the Public Work Schemes, which mostly failed at integrating their participants into the primary labour market. This was the consequence of a policy centred only on the job places creation rather than addressing quality of work and social inclusion. The Public Work Schemes rendered mandatory for people receiving welfare benefits sectorial jobs with a low marketable profile despite the level of education, creating a low and segregated profile for public workers. So that, long-term unemployment issues such as family conflicts, health problems and social exclusion arose. Thus, the Orbán’s policy increased income equality by boosting the employment rate. Yet, it did not increase employability and, by not including public workers into the primary labour market, the workfare reform also increased the poverty gap and the stigmatisation of social exclusion. (Virginia Trulli, postgraduate)
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The fourth country workshop happened in Skopje, Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia on November 6, 2018. The workshop organized by the local partner, the organization PUBLIC with the support of the European Centre, brought together representatives from the Macedonian Ministry of Labour and Social Policy, the various ministerial directorates, the Labour Inspectorate, the social partners, employment agencies and researchers to discuss the transposition of the Posting of Workers Directive in FYROM and the institutional capacities for implementing the Directive once the country becomes a member state.
More on ‘Posting of workers in Eastern Europe’
The European Centre together with UNDP – Istanbul Regional Hub implements ‘Integrated Case Management for Employment and Social Welfare Users in the Western Balkan economies‘ from July until November 2017. It contributes to the project ‘Promoting Inclusive Labour Market Solutions in the Western Balkans’.
The project ‘Social enterprises in active labour market policies in Macedonia’ is implemented from October 2016 to March 2017. The BACID project intends (1) to transfer know-how about design and implementation of support measures for the development of social entrepreneurship between Macedonian partners and the European Centre; (2) to jointly propose a set of policy tools based on international practice that can enhance the capacity of regions and municipalities to support social enterprises for inclusion of disadvantaged groups.