Book: The Struggle for good Governance in Eastern Europe

Book: The Struggle for good Governance in Eastern Europe by Emerson et al.

At a time when many regions of the world, Europe included, see a resurgence of authoritarianism, several countries in Eastern Europe: Ukraine, Moldova, Georgia and Armenia, are struggling to counter this trend by developing European-style democracies.

In this second edition, three years after the first, the story of Eastern Europe’s dramatic struggles to achieve properly functioning democracies and the rule of law rages on, warranting deeper analysis and substantial updating. Read more

Online article: A Skill-specific Dynamic Labour Supply and Labour Demand Framework

Online article: A Skill-specific Dynamic Labour Supply and Labour Demand Framework: A Scenario Analysis for the Western Balkan Countries to 2030 by Leitner

This paper pursues a scenario analysis to shed light on past and potential future labour supply and labour demand dynamics of different skill groups in the six Western Balkan countries (WB6). It differentiates between four educational levels (low, medium-general, medium-VET, and high) and looks at a medium-term projection period until 2030. Starting from a baseline scenario, it examines how several different scenarios would affect the employment situation of different skill groups. Read more

Online article: Labor Market Outcomes in Montenegro

Online article: Labor Market Outcomes in Montenegro: Challenges and Policy Options by International Monetary Fund

This study provides a set of explanations to understand the observed labor market outcomes in Montenegro, which are weak by European standards. After providing stylized facts for the inactivity rate, (long-term) unemployment rate, and informal employment, this study presents a discussion covering the following dimensions: (i) level of employment protection; (ii) level of labor taxation; (iii) pace of wage growth, including the minimum wage; and (iv) non-employment income support and activation policies. Read more

Report: Policies for human capital development: Eastern Partnership

Report: Policies for human capital development: Eastern Partnership: an ETF Torino Process assessment by Deij

The present regional report for the Eastern Partnership is the result of the fifth round of the Torino Process (2018-2020). The report coincides with the planning for the Eastern Partnership post-2020 policy framework and aims to provide a solid basis for regional policy dialogue between the EU and Armenia, Azerbaijan, Belarus, Georgia, Moldova and Ukraine on human capital development issues. It is designed to support medium- to longer-term strategic thinking in VET, looks into the regional aspects of education outcomes, and discusses commonalities while respecting the differences between the countries of the region. The report provides a summary of key policy updates, data and information, including an overview of countries’ progress against key EU benchmarks and donor contributions to human capital in the region. Read more

Online article: Active ageing in the time of COVID-19 with references to European and post-Soviet countries

Online article: Active ageing in the time of COVID-19 with references to European and post-Soviet countries by Sidorenko

This paper discusses the aspects of active ageing policies in the context of the COVID-19 pandemic. The article begins with a brief overview of the evolution of the concepts and content of the active ageing policy. What follows is a brief overview of the situation of older people during the COVID-19 pandemic. In the concluding part, the author introduces proposals for adapting the policy of active ageing to the new realities
of the (post)pandemic world. Read more

Book chapter: Austerity, populism and welfare retrenchment in Central and South Eastern Europe

Book chapter: Austerity, populism and welfare retrenchment in Central and South Eastern Europe by Lendvai-Bainton et al.

This chapter explores austerity and welfare retrenchment in Central and South Eastern Europe, with a selective focus on Hungary, Poland, Slovakia, and the Czech Republic together with parts of the post-Yugoslav space (Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, and Serbia), exploring the key drivers of welfare reforms during and after the 2007-8 economic and financial crisis. The chapter anchors austerity, taken as a systematic and deliberate form of welfare restructuring as a consequence of fiscal consolidation and debt reduction by the state, around four key nodes: rising populism, ethnicized nationalism, political authoritarianism and re-embedded neoliberalism. Read more

Online article: Evaluating the Involvement of Social Partners in Tackling Undeclared Work in the Western Balkans

The aim of this study is to evaluate the current involvement of social partners in tackling undeclared work in the Western Balkans.

Online article: Evaluating the Involvement of Social Partners in Tackling Undeclared Work in the Western Balkans by Williams

Although enforcement authorities play a key role in tackling undeclared work, social partners also have an interest in preventing undeclared work. Employer federations wish to tackle the unfair competition that results from other businesses operating in the undeclared economy and trade unions wish to protect declared workers and tackle unscrupulous employers who use undeclared employment. Read more

Book chapter: Perspectives on the Analysis and Development of Social Policies in Azerbaijan

Book chapter: Perspectives on the Analysis and Development of Social Policies in Azerbaijan by Bayramov et al.

In this study, socio-economic processes in Azerbaijan, development trends, the scale of existing social policies and the level of adaptation of international experiences have been studied. There have been times when initiatives were undertaken to develop certain elements of Islamic banking in the Azerbaijani economy, but there are no mechanisms derived from Islam in social policy. In current social policies it is possible to observe elements of the Islamic-social model, such as poverty alleviation, fair distribution of income, overall welfare, and care for vulnerable people. However, Azerbaijan’s social protection system is not considered as an Islamic model. Read more