Peer Review Moldova Report: Social Assistance Benefit

The Peer Review Moldova Report on “Social Assistance Benefit – The design of the social assistance benefit in Moldova: Improving targeting and supporting employment” was drafted based on the host and peer country information provided and discussions held during the peer review which took place 6-7 September 2022 (online).

by Geyer et al.

The Peer Review Moldova Report on “Social Assistance Benefit – The design of the social assistance benefit in Moldova: Improving targeting and supporting employment” was drafted based on the host and peer country information provided and discussions held during the peer review which took place 6-7 September 2022 (online). It gathers important insights gained during the peer review and aims at further sharing these insights and lessons learnt of the participating delegations of the BB countries to a wider audience. Read more

Book chapter: The Journey to the Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing

This book brings together global perspectives on the MIPAA and focusses on and assesses the success and failures of governments to implement its recommendations.

by Sidorenko

The United Nations Madrid International Plan of Action on Ageing (MIPAA) offers a bold new agenda for handling the issue of ageing in the 21st century. It focuses on three priority areas: older persons and development; advancing health and well-being into old age; and ensuring enabling and supportive environments. This book brings together global perspectives on the MIPAA and focusses on and assesses the success and failures of governments to implement its recommendations. Read more

Journal article: The Economic Costs of Youth Unemployment in North Macedonia

Youth unemployment rates in North Macedonia is, and despite recent improvements in labor market indicators, it has remined relatively high in comparison with the rest of Western Balkans countries.

Mamuchevska et al.

Youth unemployment is an issue that seriously concerns many countries, both developed and developing countries. Youth unemployment rates (as % total labor force ages 15-24) in North Macedonia is (36.9% in 2020), and despite recent improvements in labor market indicators, it has remined relatively high in comparison with the rest of Western Balkans countries (35.08% in 2020) and the EU average level (14.4% in 2019). High youth unemployment and inactivity provoke many negative consequences both for young individuals and for the whole society. Read more

Book chapter: Neoliberal reforms and public accountability in the Western Balkans

by Kurian

A technocratic notion of accountability in a context of ethnic, religious and nationalistic tensions contributed to weak democratic institutions. This enabled ‘state capture’ by local elites, who displayed nominal upward accountability in order to access funds while experiencing insufficient pressure to practise downward accountability. Commercialization of the social welfare regime led to the individualization of benefits and payments, restricting the potential for collective mobilization to hold governments accountable. While civil society was important in highlighting the resulting lack of public accountability, it was politically fragmented, underfunded and aid-dependent, and its protests could not be sustained. Read more

Online article: The EU and the Western Balkans’ response during the migrant crisis

by Komljenović

The European Green Deal does not consider the issue of migrant inclusion, nor are there specific data on the risk of migrants falling into energy poverty, social exclusion, and other data that could help create an effective policy that would be applied in this area. The main objective of this study is to assess the current status of the migrant population when it comes to risk from poverty (including energy poverty) and social exclusion in four (4) EU countries with the most significant influx of migrants. Read more

Journal article: International Negotiations and Domestic Change in the EU’s Eastern Neighborhood

Deconstructing Antidiscrimination Reforms in Moldova by Axyonova et al.

Democratic reforms, or lack thereof, in countries addressed by the European Union’s (EU’s) Eastern Partnership initiative (EaP) have attracted considerable scholarly attention. Yet many studies approach these countries’ political and policy developments through the lens of external actors’ (especially the EU and Russia’s) engagements. This article lends agency to the domestic actors by scrutinizing the antidiscrimination reform process in Moldova. Read more

Journal article: The EU Accession Process, Chinese Finance and Rising Corruption in Western Balkan Stabilitocracies

Serbia and Montenegro by Soyaltin-Colella

As front runners in the EU accession process, Serbia and Montenegro have failed to control corruption yet managed to advance along the path to EU integration. Although they have stronger state capacity compared to other Western Balkan countries, the two have recently reverted to previous poor governance practices after initial headway meeting EU good governance conditions. Read more

Journal article: Scenario analysis of PM2.5 and ozone impacts on health, crops and climate with TM5-FASST

A case study in the Western Balkans by Belis et al.

The Western Balkans (WB) is a region in South-East Europe where the alignment of national legislations and policies with those of the European Union (EU) is in progress with the prospect of achieving the EU membership. Such process is crucial for air quality management considering that the levels of air pollution in this area are among the highest of Europe and affect neighbouring regions. With the aim of informing the design of air quality policies in the WB, the TM5-FAst Scenario Screening Tool (TM5- FASST) was used to estimate the trends of air quality (PM 2.5 and ozone) impacts on health, crops yields and climate from 2000 to 2050. Read more

Online article: Climate change in the Western Balkans and EU Green Deal

Status, mitigation and challenges by Knez et al.

The European Commission (EC), based on the European Green Deal (2019) and the Recovery plan for Europe (2021), envisages investing 30% of the budget in climate neutral region by 2050. Activities are also planned for countries that are not members of the European Union (EU), which require complex changes in the field of legislation, strategic planning, implementation, and monitoring. To successfully plan short-term and long-term activities on these grounds, it is necessary to have a realistic picture of the state of climate change in each country—as they spill over into the entire region of Europe. Read more

InCARE Factsheet no.3: Attitudes, experiences and expectations on long-term care in North Macedonia

InCARE has launched a third national factsheet on long-term care in North Macedonia. The team found that availability and affordability remain major barriers in accessing formal care services in North Macedonia. Many individuals have felt obligated to provide care despite negative impacts on their health and career. There are also strong preferences for formal care options and less responsibility for families in the country, yet increased financial protection and support for informal carers. Read more