Ukraine

Country at a glance
Policy framework
General situation across all policy areas
Social policy specific situation
Good practice

Country at a glance (2016)

Population (mio) including Crimea
44,624
Geographical size (sq km)
603,500
Capital city
Kyiv
EU relation
Eastern Partnership (EaP) country – since May 2009

Source: UNdata, European Neighbourhood Policy And Enlargement Negotiations

Policy framework

  • Association Agreement between the European Union and Ukraine, Law of Ukraine No. 1678 of 16 September 2014.
  • Action Plan of the Government for 2016
  • Human Rights Strategy of Ukraine, approved by the Decree of the President of Ukraine No.501/2015 of 25 August 2015.
  • Strategy for Combating Poverty for the Period up to 2020 approved by the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 161 of 16 March 2016.
  • Concept of the Healthcare Financing Reform in Ukraine approved by the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No.1013 of 30 November 2016.
  • Concept of the Public Health Service Development approved by the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 1002 of 30 November 2016.
  • Concept of Development of E-Services approved by the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 918 of 16 November 2016.

General situation across all policy areas

Main challenges across all policy areas

The Action Plan of the Government of Ukraine for 2016 states that Ukraine is currently under exception circumstances having survived deep political and economic crisis against the background of Crimea occupation and war in the East.

The goal set by the Government is to ensure growth of the people’s standard of living and improve quality due to sustainable economic development.

Medium –Term priorities of the Government up to 2020 are the following:

  • Economic growth
  • Good governance
  • Human resources capacity development
  • Rule of law
  • Security and defence.

Main approaches to address challenges across all policy areas

The Government of Ukraine focuses on the following goals:

  • Making economy strong and competitive
  • Creating favourable business environment
  • Building strong government structure and strong civil service
  • Combating poverty, education reform, health care reform and pension system reform
  • Supporting anti-corruption institutions and ensuring equal access to justice
  • Developing the Armed Forces and the National Guards, law enforcement structures; reconstruction of the liberated territories and reintegration of the occupied territories.

Social policy specific situation

Significant social trends

To reduce poverty and social exclusion as well as to introduce new approaches to overcome poverty, the Strategy for Combating Poverty for the Period up to 2020 was approved by the Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine No. 161 of 16 March 2016. Modernization of State Employment Service has been launched. This process will release employment centers from administrative functions and will improve the quality of services for job seekers. Within the framework of decentralization reform in Ukraine the reform of social services at the level of communities is undergoing.

Key challenges specific to social policy

The main challenges are the following:

  • Deficit of the Pension Fund in Ukraine
  • High level of informal employment and inefficiency of labor market institutions
  • Low motivation of beneficiaries of social benefits/ assistance for employment
  • Insufficient system of control over the use of finance from the state budget for the payment of social assistance

Main approaches to address social policy challenges

Main approaches are the following:

  • Reforming wage system
  • Reforming pension system
  • Effective provision of state social assistance
  • Decentralization of social services system
  • Establishment of the Social Inspectorate

Target groups

Population of Ukraine as a whole.

Good practice

Policy area

Employment and labour market policy

Description of the practice

As of 1 January 2017 the minimum wage has been increased twice from UAH 1,600 to UAH 3, 200. The new legislative changes are aimed at effective protection of employees and de-shadowing wages. Decentralization of power of Labour Inspection to the local self-government authorities.

Governance & funding

Law of Ukraine On Amendments to Certain Acts of Ukraine No. 1774 of 6 December 2016.

Outcome(s) and impact

Increasing of minimum wage will encourage domestic demand, economic growth and social justice. Decentralization of power of Labour Inspection to the local self-government authorities aims to   legalize the relations in the sphere of employment and labour remuneration as well as to strengthen social protection of the working population.

Main partner(s)/ stakeholders

Government of Ukraine, local self-government authorities.

Name of the partner& contact

Ms Natalia Popova
Head of International Relations Department
pnn@mlsp.gov.ua

Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine
8/ 10, Esplanadna St., 01601 Kyiv, Ukraine