Ukraine

Country at a glance
Policy framework
General situation across all policy areas
Social policy specific situation
Good practice

Country at a glance (2017)

Population (mio) including Crimea
42,301
Geographical size (sq km)
603,500
Capital city
Kyiv
EU relation
Eastern Partnership (EaP) country – since May 2009

Source: European Neighbourhood Policy And Enlargement Negotiations

Policy framework

  • Association Agreement between the European Union and Ukraine (September 2014)
  • The medium-term Action Plan of the Government by 2020 (April 2017)
  • Action Plan of the Government for 2018 (March 2018)
  • Human Rights Strategy of Ukraine (August 2015)
  • Strategy for Sustainable Development ‘Ukraine 2020’ (January 2015)
  • Strategy of Reforming of Public Authority of Ukraine for 2016-2020 (June 2016)
  • Strategy for Combating Poverty for the Period up to 2020 (March 2016).
  • National Action Plan for Implementation of UN Security Council Resolution 1325 “Women, Peace and Security” for the period up to 2020 (February 2016)
  • the National Strategy for the Reform of the Institutional Care and Keeping of Children on 2017-2026 (August 2017)
  • The State Social Program on Providing Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men up to 2021 (April 2018)

General situation across all policy areas

Main challenges across all policy areas

The Action Plan of the Government of Ukraine for 2016 states that Ukraine is currently under exception circumstances having survived deep political and economic crisis against the background of Crimea occupation and war in the East.

The goal set by the Government is to ensure growth of the people’s standard of living and improve quality due to sustainable economic development.

Medium –Term priorities of the Government up to 2020 are the following:

  • Economic growth
  • Good governance
  • Human resources capacity development
  • Rule of law
  • Security and defence.

Main approaches to address challenges across all policy areas

The Government of Ukraine focuses on the following goals:

  • Making economy strong and competitive
  • Creating favourable business environment
  • Building strong government structure and strong civil service
  • Combating poverty, education reform, health care reform and pension system reform
  • Supporting anti-corruption institutions and ensuring equal access to justice
  • Developing the Armed Forces and the National Guards, law enforcement structures; reconstruction of the liberated territories and reintegration of the occupied territories.

Social policy specific situation

Significant social trends

Main priorities of the Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine in 2018-2020

  1. Promoting and legalization of employment
  2. Creating a fair pension insurance system
  3. Ensuring effective state social support of the population
  4. Development of social and rehabilitation services in the territorial communities
  5. Strengthening the protection of children’s rights
  6. In the field of anti-discrimination and gender policy
  7. Counteracting domestic violence and human trafficking
  8. Ensuring Equal Rights and Opportunities for Women and Men

More information see here.

Key challenges specific to social policy

The main challenges are the following:

  • Deficit of the Pension Fund in Ukraine and fairness of the pension system
  • High level of informal employment and low inefficiency of labour market institutions
  • Low motivation of beneficiaries of social benefits/ assistance for employment
  • Insufficient system of control over the use of finance from the state budget for the payment of social assistance

Main approaches to address social policy challenges

In 2018, the work of the Ministry of Social Policy is aimed at fulfilling the priority tasks: 

  • In order to overcome undeclared work: Reform of State Employment Service. The transfer of a number of administrative and economic functions from the base to the regional level is carried out, which makes it possible to increase the number of employees who provide services at the expense of reduction of administrative and economic personnel. State Employment Service introduces modern services that significantly simplify access to services, including through electronic services: electronic queue, video resume service and online job interviews of unemployed individuals with employers.
  • In order to improve the fairness of the pension system: In 2018, it is planned to change the mechanism of reimbursement of privileged pensions, to develop a mechanism for indexation of pensions from 2019.
  • In order to ensure effective state social assistance of the population: In 2018, it is envisaged to improve the system of providing social assistance to various groups of the population, to ensure further improvement of the mechanism for providing housing subsidies, to promote the creation of a network of centers for the provision of administrative services of a social nature in the format ‘Transparent office’
  • In order to ensure the rights of children: Continuing the reform of the institutional care and education system, organizing measures to increase the professional competence of officials of local authorities on the issues of ensuring the protection of children’s rights, establishing centres for social support for children and families, taking into account the needs of the territorial community.

Target groups

Population of Ukraine as a whole.

Good practice

Policy area

Employment and labour market policy

Description of the practice

Promoting and legalization of employment. The minimum wage was doubled from January 1, 2017 (compared to December 2016), and set at a monthly rate of UAH 3,200 in order to strengthen the protection of workers. Since January 1, 2018, the minimum wage was raised by 16% (or to UAH 3723).

The increase of the minimum wage stimulated the processes of de-shadowing wages, launched in 2016 by reducing the rate of a single social contribution, and the labour market. Due to the minimum wage increase, revenues to the Pension Fund grew considerably.

Governance & funding

Law of Ukraine On Amendments to Certain Acts of Ukraine No. 1774 of 6 December 2016.

Outcome(s) and impact

Increasing of minimum wage will encourage domestic demand, economic growth and social justice. Decentralization of power of Labour Inspection to the local self-government authorities aims to   legalize the relations in the sphere of employment and labour remuneration as well as to strengthen social protection of the working population.

Main partner(s)/ stakeholders

Government of Ukraine, regional state administrations, local self-government authorities.

Name of the partner& contact

Ms Olena Tarasiuk
State expert, Directorate for Strategic Planning, Coordination and European Integration
o.p.tarasiuk@mlsp.gov.ua

Ministry of Social Policy of Ukraine
8/ 10, Esplanadna St., 01601 Kyiv, Ukraine

 

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