Macedonia*

* The Former Yugoslav Republic of Macedonia

 

Country at a glance
Policy framework
General situation across all policy areas
Social policy specific situation
Good practice

Country at a glance (2016)

Population (mio)
2,081
Geographical size (sq km)
25,713
Capital city
Skopje
EU relation
Candidate country – since December 2005

Source: UNdata, European Neighbourhood Policy And Enlargement Negotiations

Policy Framework

The full membership and full integration of the Republic of Macedonia into the European Union is one of the maјor strategic priorities of the country, resulting primarily from the broad support for this process by the citizens, as well as the strong and evident commitment to reforms essential for ensuring prosperity for the citizens of the Republic of Macedonia and which, at the same time, are complementary with the requirements and criteria for the Union membership.

General situation across all policy areas

Main challenges across all policy areas

Strategic priorities of the Government are the following:

  • To increase economic growth and employment;
  • To integrate the country into the EU and NATO;
  • To fight corruption and crime and implement laws efficiently;
  • To maintain good inter–ethnic relations based on the principles of mutual tolerance and respect and implementation of the Ohrid Framework Agreement;
  • To invest in education, science and information technology for a knowledge–based society.

Main approaches to address challenges across all policy areas

  • Programme of the Government of the Republic of Macedonia 2017-2020;
  • Economic Reform Programme(ERP) 2016;
  • ESRP – Employment and Social Reform Programme 2020;
  • National Employment Strategy 2016-2020;
  • Innovation Strategy of the Republic of Macedonia for 2012-2020;
  • Annual National Programme of the Republic of Macedonia for NATO  Membership 2014-2015 ;
  • National Programme for Adoption of the Acquis (NPAA), Revision 2016-2018;
  • EU Programme for Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI);
  • Stategy on equitable representation of minority ethnic groups.

Social policy specific situation

Significant social trends

Ageing of population

The Republic of Macedonia exceeds the limit of 12% of old population and enters the group of countries which are demographically characterized as countries with old population. The average age of population notes continuous increase and in 2015 it amounted to 38.5 years (37.6 for men and 39.3 for women).

Migration movements

The Republic of Macedonia is characterized as a distinctive migration area with intensive internal population movements and continuous population emigration to other countries.

Poverty and standard of living

The rate of poor people calculated by Eurostat recommendations gradually decreased from 27.0% in 2010 to 21.5% in 2015 of people who live below the poverty line.

Key challenges specific to social policy

The labour market in the Republic of Macedonia is further characterized by a high unemployment rate, especially among the youth and the low-qualified, a low activity rate among women as well as long-term unemployment.

Another important challenge that the labor market in the Republic of Macedonia is facing is high gender differences, reflected primarily in the significantly lower female activity and the lower employment of women.

Main approaches to address social policy challenges

  • The National Employment Strategy of the Republic of Macedonia 2016-2020;
  • Action Plan on Youth Employment 2016-2020;
  • Operational Plans for Active Employment Programs and Measures (created on annual basis, starting from 2007);
  • Bilateral and multilateral cooperation.

Target groups

The most vulnerable categories of persons, such as youth, long-term unemployed, persons with disabilities, inactive persons etc.

 

Good practice

Name of the good practice

The project ‘Macedonia employs’

Policy areas

Employment and labour market policy

Description of the practice

The aim of the project ‘Macedonia employs’ is to help more groups of unemployed persons, who are less competitive on the labor market through exemption from income tax and exemption from paying social contributions to become more competitive, thereby to motivate private companies to creating new jobs.

The project ‘Macedonia employs 1’ encompasses young people up to 29 years. Just in 2016 around 19,000 people got employed through this project.

The project ‘Macedonia employs 2’ started at the end of June 2016. It includes five categories: people up to 35 years, people aged 35-50 years, people over 50 years, people over 58 years and parents of three and more children, single parents, children without parental care etc. It is expected to be hired around 20,000 people.

Governance & funding

Government of the Republic of Macedonia, Ministry of labour and social policy, Employment Service Agency. The project is funded by the Government of the Republic of Macedonia.

Innovation

Subsiding employment of persons in social risks by encouraging the employers to hire persons at social risks such as young persons up to 29, people up to 35, people aged 35-50 years, people over 50 years, people over 58 years and parents of three and more children, single parents, children without parental care etc.

Challenges of implementation

Encouraging the companies which have hired people belonging to one of the above mentioned categories of people to retain its employees.

Outcome(s) and impact

Reducing unemployment through creating new jobs by covering more groups of unemployed persons, who are less competitive on the labor market. Just in 2016 around 19,000 people got employed through this project.

Main partner(s)/ stakeholders

Government of the Republic of Macedonia, Ministry of labour and social policy, Employment Service Agency.

Name of the partner & contact

Mr Aleksandar Georgievski
aleksandar.georgievski@mtsp.gov.mk

Ministry of Labour and Social Policy of the Republic of Macedonia, St. Dame Gruev no. 14, 1000 Skopje, Macedonia